Crypto Taxes: What You Need to Know

Over time, cryptocurrency has grown in popularity as more and more investors seek to profit from their potential for significant returns. However, many people must know that cryptocurrency investments are subject to taxation. Understanding the tax repercussions is crucial if you invest in cryptocurrencies or use them to make purchases. The information in this post will guide the crypto taxes you should be aware of.

What types of taxes are levied on digital assets?

The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) regards cryptocurrency assets as property for taxation purposes. This implies that any profits or losses resulting from the sale, exchange, or trading of cryptocurrencies are subject to taxation. The following types of taxes may be imposed on cryptocurrencies:

  1. Capital gains tax is due when selling cryptocurrencies that have been kept for more than a year. Depending on how long the cryptocurrency was held, the earnings from the sale are either liable to short-term or long-term capital gains tax.
  2. Income tax: applies to earnings from bitcoin mining or receiving cryptocurrencies in exchange for services.
  3. Other taxes: When purchasing, selling, or trading cryptocurrencies, additional taxes or fees may be applied depending on the jurisdiction.

Tax reporting for cryptocurrency: How to do it

If you are still getting familiar with the procedure, reporting crypto taxes on tax returns may be challenging. You can follow the instructions listed below:

  1. Keep accurate records of all cryptocurrency transactions, including dates, sums, and the value of the cryptocurrencies at the time of the transaction, to avoid future problems.
  2. How to calculate your taxable profits and losses Subtract the assets’ cost basis from their selling price to determine your taxable gains and losses.
  3. Correctly file your tax returns: Crypto taxes must be declared on IRS forms such as Schedule D and Form 8949.
  4. Report any earnings from cryptocurrency mining and staking on your tax returns.
  5. Report losses on bitcoin investments for tax reasons to balance gains from other investments: You can also report losses on cryptocurrency investments for tax purposes.

Resources and instruments for calculating cryptocurrency taxes

Various software and applications are available to aid in the computation of cryptocurrency taxes. You can use these tools to import your cryptocurrency transactions straight from wallets and exchanges to determine gains and losses. BearTax, CoinTracking, and CryptoTrader.Tax is a few of the well-known tools.

Working with a licenced tax expert knowledgeable in cryptocurrency taxation is also crucial. They can offer insightful advice on maximising your tax savings while remaining compliant with the law.

Cryptocurrency tax controversies and issues

Tax difficulties and issues have emerged as the use of cryptocurrency increases globally. The murkiness and lack of regulation around crypto taxation is one such barrier. Tax rules and regulations about cryptocurrencies are still being developed in some jurisdictions, but El Salvador has made Bitcoin a legal tender.

Growing concerns over tax evasion, money laundering, and using cryptocurrencies by criminals has led the IRS to create new guidelines to assist people and organisations in complying with the tax rules governing cryptocurrency transactions.


For many investors, cryptocurrencies are swiftly growing in popularity as a kind of investment, but they come with their tax laws and guidelines. It is essential to comprehend these regulations to continue compliance with the tax laws and prevent penalties and fines. You must follow the law by maintaining thorough records of your Bitcoin transactions, collaborating with licenced tax professionals, and utilising the available tax tools and services.

Author: Devin Freidel
Devin Freidel is a cryptomarket analyst who has been following the cryptocurrency space since early 2017. He has a background in economics and finance, and has been writing about cryptocurrencies since 2018. Devin is particularly interested in the intersection of economics and cryptography, and believes that cryptocurrencies represent a paradigm shift in how we interact with money.

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